The Special Team Group Formation Peer Review Questions

Special Team:              

Boyd, Savannah

Cho, Ryan

Johnson, Zachary

Mirghani, Shamsadean

Tuite, Sean

Vaught, Lindsay

All criteria will be rated from 1-10. One being unsatisfactory and ten being above and beyond.

  1. Attendance to meetings
  2. Quality of Work submitted to group
  3. Ability to meet team and class deadlines
  4. Effective communication to all group members
  5. Ability to fulfill group role

Carnegie As a Whole

I believe this book was assigned because it teaches us in depth how to become a great people person. I read many very interesting stories about historic and iconic figures that, most of the time were in charge in some way or another. If not a president then a manger of a business, if not a manger than a general of an army. These stories made me open my eyes to see how people want to be treated from the person in charge’s point of view. Why was this book assigned? Because it made us all a better person in one way or another. As I talked to you in person, I personally had bad managers AT THE TIME of me reading the book come up to me and said they have never read the book and it made sense to me as why I did not like them as a manger. They did barley anything of what the book said and a lot of the employees did not like them. That was just one example of how the book impacted my professional career already… Like come on, the book impacted me while I was reading it, that is pretty coo. This has already impacted my personal life as well, being an upperclassmen on the lacrosse team here gives you a lot of responsibility, even when I did not think it would. The freshman look up to us as figures in charge, they listen to us and want to work with us, as well as we want to work with them. Reading this book helped me talk and cooperate and work better with the freshman already. When they screw up, which they do a lot, the book taught me not to just come at their life, be gentle and nurturing to them and they will have positive feedback, and that is just one of many things I learned from Carnegie. This overall was an amazing book and have already recommended it to others (even my dad being a Chief Engineer on a naval ship in charge of men and their lives) and he said he would be glad to read it and I am excited to hear what he has to say about the book.

Carnegie Part 4

In part 4 of Carnegie about how to change people without offending them, the first principle is that if you find a fault, do not begin with that fault. This principle is so important to managers, leaders, and more, even the average person when talking to their friend. To bring up a fault to someone without offending them (hopefully), you must not so much shower them with compliments, but tell them something good, and then bring up the fault. The first three examples in this principle were presidents speaking to someone with not as much authority such as Coolidge did to his female secretary. He complemented on how pretty she was and how pretty her dress was, but it wasn’t for no reason, he had brought that up to tell her that she needed to fix her punctuation. I thought that was absolutely brilliant… I have definitely done this before but in different situations, sometimes not knowing, an example would be what probably a lot of children did/do. I would go up to my mom and ask her how her day is going, if she needed anything, give her a small compliment, and talk to her for a little, and then drop the bomb on her…”Hey mom can I have some friends over tonight?” or “Hey mom this really cool game came out and was wondering if you could get it for me?” Most of the time she knew I was up to something, and most of the time it worked… haha. The second principle straight up relates to me everyday at work, which I do work during the school year at BJ’s Brewhouse Restaurant five minutes from campus. Every single day the older workers go out back and smoke cigarettes when they need it. But it is not allowed for workers to smoke during their shift, so about everyday I see one to two people get yelled at for smoking… But guess what, my managers don’t approach the workers like Charles Schwab did with his employees. My managers would just yell and threaten, and that only makes the workers resent the managers and they will keep smoking. What Charles did showed real leadership, and his employees loved it. My favorite part of this book, because it shows what a real leader should do, is principle 3, which is, talk about your own mistakes before you go and talk of others. It takes real character when someone sees a mistake made after they had made a mistake, and then bring up their own up first. This happens A LOT on the lacrosse field, after every goal the defense gets together for about  20 seconds to discuss what went wrong, and usually its the blame game. But a real leader would say, “sorry guys that was my fault, I got beat, I should’ve had him. But I need a slide when he’s going to goal, who was the slide?” (a slide is another defender leaving his man to come defend the attacker that had beat his defender.) That happens about 10-15 times a game, so it happens a lot, like I said above. Overall this book was great, I was not very pumped to read it at first (as a lot of people probably said), but it made me learn so much about how to become first a great person, but secondly, even better, a great leader. And that is exactly what I needed.

Carnegie Part 3

In part three, the first lesson really hit home, because I personally get in argument all the time. And when I lose, not “win but lose” I feel angry, vulnerable and not educated as well as the other person and those qualities right there can really influence someone very poorly. So now whenever I get into an argument, I try my best to be very laid back, nice, and comforting. I wouldn’t want to put someone else in that position that I’ve been in after losing an argument. That principle is pretty much related to the second one too, which was about making enemies and how to avoid it. And one sure fire way to get an enemy is to tell someone that they are wrong, especially in an argument, you should always show respect as you would want from them. Then knowing that you’re wrong is not hard, admitting it is what takes real character and strength. Lastly, when in an argument, do not just come off hasty right away, that will just start a fight and lead to nothing but more fighting. As Woodrow Wilson said in principle 4, if you come up to me with double fists, I will double my fists even faster, but if you come and talk to me, we can work it out. Him saying that really makes sense, I would do the same, if someone came at me yelling and angry, I would yell right back at them. But if someone came and talked to me about it I would easily be calm and able to talk with sense and maybe come to an agreement or conclusion. Overall I found part 3 very good, not my favorite part of the 4, but definitely interesting.

Carnegie Part 2

Following part one, was criticizing others, and one of the examples really hit me, “Don’t complain about the snow on your neighbor’s roof, when your own doorstep is unclean.” That really made me think, that I should not criticize or anything like that, if i am messing up myself. This book said any fool can criticize, but it takes character and self-control to be forgiving and understanding towards people. The example of the great pilot who’s both engines failed mid flight, and when he landed he checked to see that someone had messed up getting his plane ready. When the pilot approached the man that got the plane ready, the man was freaking out, felt so bad and scared that he had messed up. But the pilot says you are filling up my plane again tomorrow, that took self-control. This part of the book is to make people like you, and criticizing does not help. One way to make people like you, as the book said, is to become interested in other people and what they are interested in. And another way, a way that personally I am really good at in getting people to like me, is to smile:), and I am always smiling like I said in my post about Why I am special. Another way to get people to like you is knowing their name, if you remember someone’s name, it is the was to their heart. One more way to a persons heart is to listen to them, listen to what they have to stand for or say and respect that, as they would for you. The story of Roosevelt staying up the night before everyone of his visitors to learn and read about what they liked, just so he could listen and talk to them. This showed that he cared and that is why so many people liked him and followed him.

Carnegie Part 1

First off, my thoughts on the book before we read it was not interested, not excited, not wanting to read this book. Well i was dead wrong, this book had great some of the best quotes, stories, and straight up knowledge on how to pretty much become a leader by getting people to like and follow you. This book started off with the “two-gun” murder and how he thought that he was doing everything right and that he was not at fault. Then when it moved to the quote by Hans Selye, “As much as we thirst for approval, we dread condemnation”. Which I thought couldn’t be more correct, all I want to do is impress and satisfy my parents, mostly my dad, and my success is driven by not only the want to succeed, but the dreading of failing my father. I learned a lot of things about how our old leaders and presidents acted. Such as Abe writing poorly of someone, and they found out only to come back to Abe to ask for a duel to the death. But after they didn’t duel, Abe took that whole lesson to heart and made himself a better person. The other example of Abe, about Meade capturing Lee; that as one of the best examples I have read to get an example across. Abe was all mad that Meade didn’t capture Lee in the war when he could have. So Abe wrote a letter telling Meade is anger and everything, but then he never mailed it and kept these feeling to himself. Abe Lincoln thought about if he were in Meade’s positions, and after thinking he calmed down and saw what Meade was.

Why I am special.

Many ask themselves the question, “Why am I special?”. Some will just think that they aren’t special or they can’t come up with any reason, and others think they are the most special person on earth. Then there are the rest that know they are special, not any more special than the person they are talking to, or walking with, or even standing next to in line at Duck Donuts (best donuts out there) but that they are special in their own way. When I ask my self the question “Why am I special”, I think of every quality I have that distinguishes me from others. First off I learned how to partner juggle with my friend in the seventh grade. I can hit the top right smallest hole in any ski ball and get a super high score. I came in third place in a regional ping pong tournament my sophomore year of high school and I still can play just as well (thanks to my competitive dad that won’t take a loss). I play lacrosse here at Mary Washington, so I consider myself an okay lacrosse player. I played basketball all my life, I cannot hit a three pointer to save my life, but for some reason can hit a half court shot more often. As well as basketball, I also played soccer my whole life and was captain of my high school team. I was also captain of the lacrosse team the same years, the only two sport captain at the school. Away from that, I always try to be the nicest and most caring person I can be, I always try to please others and make them happy. I will mostly always have a smile on my face, even when people make fun of my messed up name tag. Overall these are just a few examples of what makes me, well, me; and that’s why I know I’m special.

Terrible Lie paper

Patrick Richards

Professor Mark Snyder


December 4, 2016

Understanding the “Terrible Lie”

Nine Inch Nails starting in 1989 the group consisting of Trent Reznor and no one else (officially). Terrible Lie was the second song on the NIN’s first album. Percussion and synthesizer heavy tracks, were the main focus on this first album. Terrible Lie the second most popular song on “Pretty Hate Machine” seemed to resonate with listeners in the late 80’s and early 90’s. With lyrics that scream at god for betrayal of trust, for having put so much time and energy into following in faith just for him to have seemingly realized that it was all a “Terrible Lie”. Terrible Lie, is a song that resonates with listeners for lyrical, emotional, and musical content, which shows the song is still timeless.


The lyrical content of “Terrible Lie” can dig into anyone. Whether people take the lyrics as a metaphor or can relate with them directly. The reoccurring theme with nin’s lyrics, is that they just like onions have layers, and can be interpreted to fit many different meanings. Even though the lyrics specifically call out god ergo “Hey God” (Reznor 1989) which is repeated over and over each time followed by lyrics of betrayal. This can also be interpreted as corporate fat cats or entities that see themselves as higher than other people (later on in nin’s music Reznor refers to them as “pigs” see Piggy, or March of the Pigs 1994). The lyrics and the harshness of the instrumentation, really adds to the feeling of betrayal and straight up rage felt by Reznor, putting emphasis to verses that really hit the point home, or the almost disturbing point where the words “Don’t tear it away from me, I need someone to hold on to” (Reznor, 1989) start off as a whisper and repeat to be screamed as if Reznor himself is being abused or violated, as something he once held onto was proven to be nothing but a lie Reznor is left unable to believe in anything later on stating “I lost my ignorance, security, and pride” (Reznor, 1989) and even past that wishing he could have something that he had to believe in, “I need someone to hold on to” (Reznor 1989). With lyrics that bring up such a relatable topic of betrayal, and the feeling of being lied to, it is very easy for people to really cling on to these lyrics and give them their own personalized meaning.

The emotionality of the song sticks with the listener making the song great for replayability. Hearing the raw emotion of this song, it’s easy for a listener to cling to it because it makes them feel connected to the music. Especially in live performance which is why during Lollapalooza and other live concerts where nin has not been the main act the audience can still get into the song until everyone is screaming out the 2 worded chorus. In live performances especially early on, Reznor’s performance of the song is downright gnarly, when the first chorus hits and he just screams, letting out only a portion of all the rage that emanates from his body as the song goes on. Even when Reznor isn’t particularly performing or into the song in the beginning, (Check out nin’s performance of the song at Big Day Out 2000), Reznor starts off almost relaxed or chill, but as the song progresses you can see the anger and color fill his face and his voice. Making this song an emotional rollercoaster from anger to violation and fear too full on hatred, and raw emotion of that sort really resonates with listeners.


Terrible Lie’s musical content is a very important part to make the song enjoyable to listen to. The songs key is hard to find but, the common answer to what key it is in as found in “”. Obviously it would make sense that with such an angry and sad tone it would make sense that the song is in a minor key otherwise it might throw listeners off, but the song is focused heavily on the lyrics so it wouldn’t make sense to throw off the listeners with a happier tone. Next the instrumentation and layering of the songs, because there is no information on how many layers there are, the only way to find out is to listen to the song. From what can be heard in the song, there are at least 14 layers, with at least 8 synth patches. The layers in the music can be very important in adding to the vibe even though at a first listen the song does not sound as complex as it is, just as the lyrics upon first listen may not seem as angry and upset as they are. The songs tempo is set to a ballad speed of 90 bpm, giving the song a very chant like feel that way listeners can take in the lyrics clearly without having other musical elements to distract from the main focus of the lyrics. All of these elements are extremely important to making this song so powerful and timeless.


The elements that put together Terrible Lie make it a very powerful song that continues to be timeless for fans. With musicality, emotion, and lyrical content Terrible Lie still holds its own as an important song in Nine Inch Nail’s library. In a library full of amazing music Terrible Lie holds its own compared to many other popular songs in its time period. For these reasons Terrible Lie is a great staple of Nine Inch Nails catalog.

Jimi Hendrix Purple Haze

Jacob King


Ballades, Beats and Band Camp

Purple Haze by Jimi Hendrix

Jimi Hendrix was born in Seattle Washington on November 27, 1942 and died in London, England on September 18, 1970.  Jimi Hendrix’s four-year career was cut short when he died from drug-related issues. He was originally born as Johnny Allen Hendrix but his father changed his name when he was three years old to James Marshall Hendrix. Jimi Hendrix was noticed by former bassist for The Animals, Chaz Chandler after only a year in New York. Chaz then brought Hendrix to London to start the Jimi Hendrix Experience. Three months after starting this newly founded band, in December of 1966, they released “Hey Joe” in London which hit #4 on British charts. Jimi’s next single “Purple Haze” hit #3 on British Charts. On the first album by The Jimi Hendrix Experience, “Purple Haze” was the first song to open people up to Jimi Hendrix’s psychedelic rock sound.

The 1960’s was considered the “Hippie” era. Teens were dropping out of school and sometimes political life as well. Those who were considered “Hippies” grew their hair out, practiced free love, and were big into psychedelic drugs. Although the 60’s went sour in 1968, 1969 brought Woodstock. Woodstock was a music festival in upper New York that lasted for three days.  August 15th, 1969 presented Sweetwater, Joan Baez, Tim Hardin, Ario Guthrie, Richie Havens, Incredible String Band, Ravi Shankar, Sly & the Family Stone, and Bert Sommer. August 16th, 1969 presented Canned Heat, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Grateful Dead, Keef Hartley, Janis Joplin, Jefferson Airplane, Mountain, Quill, Santana, and The Who. The final day of Woodstock August 17th, 1969 presented The Band, Jeff Beck Group, Blood, Sweat and Tears, Joe Crocker, Crosby, Stills and Nash, Jimi Hendrix, Iron Butterfly, Ten Years After, and Johnny Winter. Woodstock’s three days of love and peace concert brought a good end to the 60’s.

Jimi Hendrix wrote “Purple Haze” in 1966 during a gig at a club in London. In “Purple Haze” the lyrics Jimi Hendrix uses describes a sort of Psychedelic trip. In the second verse it says “Don’t know if I’m comin’ up or down” to say he doesn’t know if the drugs are kicking in or wearing off. Hendrix uses “Excuse me while I kiss the sky” to describe that he is high to the audience. “Purple Haze” uses a lot of imagery to show that Jimi is going through a sort of trip.

In the late 60’s and early 70’s most people were experimenting with psychedelics and hallucinogens.

In the music video of “Purple Haze” after close examination, and a list of guitars Jimi uses, the guitar Jimi uses resembles his 1966 Fender Stratocaster. The 1966 Fender Stratocaster has three pick-ups with a whammy bar and, with no effect pedals, gives off a warm and rich vintage sound. Since Hendrix is the main headliner people don’t focus on the other bands instruments. Jimi uses an Octavio and a “Cry baby” Wah-Wah pedal. The Cry-Baby pedal effect was intended to create a crying tone like a muted trumpet, the tone however makes a “wacka” sound, which is clearly heard in the “Purple Haze”. The Octavia pedal allows the guitarist to make their guitar sound either an octave higher or lower and even adds distortion to the tone. Distortion or overdrive sound is created when you increase the gain of the instrument either by using a pedal or increasing the gain on the amp. With the combinations of these pedals it helps gives the song Jimi’s signature sound. Without these effects the song wouldn’t have its psychedelic rock sound.


  • By Backing down His Guitar’s Volume Control, Hendrix Used the Exaggerated Treble Bite and Hyper-sensitive Attack the Fuzz Face Offers to Enhance Clean Tones and Make Them Really Speak. Another Example of This Sonic Yin-yang Is, among Others,. “Dunlop Blog » Hendrix: His Effects and How He Used Them.” Dunlop Blog Hendrix His Effects and How He Used Them Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “Purple Haze.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “”Hey Joe” & “Purple Haze” Recorded on Telecaster?” Telecaster Guitar Forum. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “The Pop History Dig, LLC | Facebook.” The Pop History Dig, LLC | Facebook. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “Purple Haze Strain Information.” Leafly. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • Gallup, Inc. “Decades of Drug Use: Data From the ’60s and ’70s.” com. N.p., 02 July 2002. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • Code by Nathan Swartz (, Content by Gavin Edwards. “Rule Forty Two: The Self-Aggrandizing Website of Gavin Edwards.” Rule Forty Two RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “Jimi Hendrix’s Guitars and Gear.” Jimi Hendrix’s Guitars and Gear. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2016.
  • “Jimi Hendrix Setlist at Woodstock.” fm. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016.

Song Analysis Final

Gabriela Rangel Cardozo

Mark Snyder

Ballads, Beats, and Band camp

December 2, 2016

How New York State of Mind helped New York


Picture of the 9/11 attack on the twin towers in NY


On September 11, 2001, the country suffered a terrorist attack. Many people died. Many people injured. Many people had their hopes and dreams crushed. A place which was known for its rude people, was experiencing love from every direction. People have this sense of pride and love towards the state they are from. Something that helped them spread that love was music. One of the songs that helped people at this time was New York State of Mind by Billy Joel. The song was released in 1976 on the Turnstiles album. It was never released as a single. New York State of Mind was written and produced by Billy Joel. It was recorded at Ultra Sonic Studio Hempstead, NY under the label Columbia. After returning to New York after living in California for 4 years, Joel decided to write this song about his love for New York, since he missed it after being away for a long time. In an interview on The Howard Stern Show, Joel said that he was literally on the Greyhound bus on the Hudson River Line when the idea for the song came to him, and the song was finished as soon as he arrived home. The lyrics, the instruments, and rhythm, of the song had a great impact on the listener’s emotions after the 9/11 attacks. 

The lyrics of New York State of Mind have a powerful meaning.


Turnstiles Album cover

They demonstrate a man saying how much he loves his home state. According to song critic Stewart Mason “the lyrics are among Joel’s finest”. Having such meaningful and personal lyrics, the song became one of Joel’s more popular songs. Stewart Mason also said that the song was “worthy of some of the best pre-rock composers of pop standards in their juxtaposition of concrete real-world details and more impressionistic washes of emotion”. A line in the song is “Hop a flight to Miami Beach or to Hollywood” which he follows with “but I’m takin’ a Greyhound on the Hudson River line I’m in a New York state of mind”. By mentioning that some people would rather go on these expensive and luxurious vacations, shows the listener how much he loves his home state because he is saying that instead of doing what everyone else wants to do he would rather stay in New York and be happy in a place he loves. This connected with the people who were affected by 9/11 because his lyrics showed this pride in being from New York, which is what these people were feeling. Although the lyrics in this song were a huge part of why the public loved the song it wasn’t the only factor that made this song a hit. Something that the lyrics complimented well with was the music or the instruments used.

The actual music of the song is very captivating. The listeners immediately get hooked when Joel starts to play the 56 second piano solo in the beginning of the song. Billy Joel is known for his piano playing. Most of his greatest hits have him playing piano in them, for example, Piano Man, Movin’ Out, My Life, Just The Way You Are. Another instrument that was used in the song was a saxophone. Richie Cannata has a saxophone solo right in the middle of the song. This solo helps bring together that slow tempo that is played throughout the whole song. With having a slower tempo, the lyrics were emphasized more because the listener could hear and understand each lyric that was sung by Joel. Also, the listener was able to get in that mood that Billy Joel was in when he was writing and singing the song. This built a connection between Joel and the listener. With this combination of lyrics, music, and rhythm, no wonder it became such a hit and one of Billy Joel’s most popular songs.


The Concert for New York City advertisement picture

Some people like Glenn Gamboa, a writer for, believe that the song has a different meaning today than it had when it was first released. Glenn Gamboa mentioned that “after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, it took on a whole new meaning. It captured what had been lost and chronicled what remained.” When the terrorist attacks happened on September 11, 2001 the country was scared and held on to anything that comforted them. This included music because music helps the body release endorphin which counteract pain. Music with slow tempos, like this song, help slow down breathing and heart rate, which can help with anxiety. This song helped many people remember how much they loved their state. Being in a “New York state of mind” is what needed people to be in at that time. The state had just suffered a great loss and people were devastated and they needed to be reminded of how great New York was. After 9/11 the song reached a whole new respect and popularity. Billy Joel was even asked to play the song at The Concert for New York City in October of 2001, a benefit concert for the New York City Fire and Police Departments and the families of the first respondents lost on 9/11. Which proves how much the song was loved during that time.

By having prideful and personal lyrics and a slower tempo the song was able to help in the healing process after 9/11. The song New York State of Mind by Billy Joel, although not being released as a single, was always a fan favorite and now has become one of Joel’s most popular songs. The lyrics were meaningful and showed a lot about Billy Joel’s love toward New York. Being paired with a powerful piano solo and a stand out saxophone solo, helped the lyrics become very personal and build that slow tempo. This helped the listener connect more to the song and helped Joel portray his feeling more. This is why the song became a big factor in the comforting of the people of New York after the 9/11 attack. Overall the song is a famous, well-known piece and will keep on being one of Billy Joel’s best works.


Works Cited

“Readers’ Poll: The Best Billy Joel Songs of All Time.” Rolling Stone. Web. 10 Nov. 2016.

“How Music Affects Us and Promotes Health.” Surprising Effects Of Music. Health on the Net Foundation, 18 Feb. 2016. Web. 10 Nov. 2016.

Billy Joel interview. YouTube. The Howard Stern Show.

“New York State Of Mind by Billy Joel Songfacts.” New York State Of Mind by Billy Joel Songfacts. Songfacts®, LLC, 2016. Web. 29 Sept. 2016.

Dean, Maury (2003). Rock N’ Roll Gold Rush. Algora. p. 309. ISBN 0-87586-207-1.

Mason, Stewart. “Billy Joel New York State of MInd.” ©2016 AllMusic, Member of the RhythmOne Group, 2016. Web. 1 Oct. 2016. Editors. “Billy Joel Biography.” A&E Networks Television, 27 Apr. 2016. Web. 01 Oct. 2016.

Gamboa, Glenn. “Billy Joel’s 14 Best Songs.” Newsday. Newsday, 18 Dec. 2014. Web. 05 Oct. 2016.